Walter De Maria’s urban works
The early Walter De Maria’s sculptures from the 1960s were influenced by the newyorker art scene, which was characterized by modern art movements as Dada. This influence led De Maria into using simple geometric shapes and industrially manufactured materials such as stainless steel and aluminum – materials which are also characteristic of Minimal art. Following this technique and with the support of collector Robert C. Scull, De Maria started making enduring urban works in metal.
In 1979, De Maria meticulously arranged five hundred brass rods for The Broken Kilometer, a permanent installation at 393 West Broadway in New York. The Broken Kilometer is part of De Maria’s series of monumental sculptures using a horizontal format, which feature groupings of elements ordered according to precise calculations. This series includes 360°/I-Ching (1981), A Computer Which Will Solve Every Problem in the World/3-12 Polygon (1984), 13, 14, 15 Meter Rows (1985), Apollo’s Ecstasy (1990), and The 2000 Sculpture (1992).
The Broken Kilometer, 1979. Long-term installation at
393 West Broadway, New York City. Photo: John Abbott. Copyright Dia Art Foundation.
A computer which will solve every problem in the world / 3-12 Polygon, 1984. Stainless steel
39-3/8 inches in length, each rod (1 m). Installed at 522 West 21st Street.
13, 14, 15 Meter Rows, 1985. 42 solid stainless steel polygonal rods. Each rod: 3-1/2 inches diameter (8.9 cm), 1 meter long. Installed at 555 West 24th Street.
Apollo’s Ecstasy, 1990. 20 bars of solid bronze. Venice Biennale.
The 2000 Sculpture, 1992. The exhibition was organized by the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA).