Less is still less: Carl Andre
Carl Andre is one of the only Minimalists to accept the term, the materials he works with—four-by-four timbers, bricks, one-foot-square metal plates, cut or natural stones, and other available hardware—are ordered from suppliers and assembled by Andre on the site. Andre does not carve, or model, or weld, or transform his materials. His great innovation was to assemble the elements of his simple, linear sculptures on the floor, without joining them together. Other contemporary sculptors had done away with pedestals and the vertical axis, but Andre’s reorientation of his work to the horizontal plane, where it functioned not as an object but, in his words, “as place,” was more radical and more influential than anything being done by Donald Judd, Robert Morris, Dan Flavin, or the other minimalist artists in the nineteen-sixties.
8 Blocks and Stones, 1973.
Concrete blocks and river stones (from Portland), Each: 11 1/2 x 11 3/4 x 3 1/2 in. (29.2 x 29.8 x 8.9 cm) The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles The Barry Lowen Collection 85.36.
Molded Plastic. Installation View.
Ace Gallery Venice, 1983.
Al Cloud, 2001.
144 Aluminum cubes, 10 x 10 x 10 cm each, random array on floor.
Carl Andre, 2002.
Ace Gallery Los Angeles.
121 aluminum ingots arranged into a sloped triangular prism.
War and Rumors of War , 2002.
A hardwood, 90-unit spiral.
44 Carbon Copper Triads, 2005.
44 carbon cubes, each 11.5 x 11.5 x 11.5 cm/ 44 carbon bricks each 11.5 x 6.4 x 22.9 cm/ 44 copper plates, each 10 x 10 x 0.4 cm. Exhibition view, Room 1 at Kunsthalle Basel, 2005.